When heavy goods vehicles are mentioned, most people get the image of the big lorries that they see on the motorway or huge transit vehicles that roll through country lanes. These types of lorries are the most common types of vehicles that are seen on roads but not all huge lorries can be placed on the same category. A heavy goods vehicle is a type of transit automobile that goes beyond a certain size or weight category and can only be operated by a licensed specialist. This post discusses the difference between different types of heavy good vehicles and how you can tell the difference between them. HGV training in London or other areas will be a lot easier if you learn these differences.
1. Lorries That Transport Consumer Goods and Dry Goods
These are the ‘huge lorries’ that you see on most days. They are rigid machines that are usually used to transport consumer and dry goods around the UK. These vehicles can transport a wide range of goods such as plant pots, clothes and computers. They can be found in different sizes which depend on the type of cargo that they are transporting. Most of these vehicles have a box-shaped body which looks like a container that has been placed on a flatbed. Some also have a ‘curtain side’ (this is a thick metal frame that usually has a thick curtain). They usually look like they have an industrial shower curtain.
2. Trucks with Flatbeds
Lorries that have a flatbed tend to have versatile transportation uses since they have an open and flat body that can be used to transport huge and heavy items that cannot fit in normal container units. You are therefore likely to see wonderful and strange things on their beds such as construction machinery, construction supplies and equipment and even fully assembled mobile housing units.
3. Vehicles Used in Emergencies
Pay special attention, because these vehicles can be confusing. You should understand that not all emergency cars are HGVs. Fire trucks are a good example of heavy goods vehicles. To drive one, you need to get special training and also have a specialised license. This is because of their weight limit. For other emergency cars such as police vehicles and ambulances, you only need a normal license and any other pertinent training required to offer emergency services.
4. Trucks for Transporting Livestock
These types of trucks are specifically designed for use in the transportation of animals. You can therefore spot them moving pigs and boars, chicken and horses. They usually contain special pens designed to keep animals safe while they are in transit. These HGVs typically move for short distances such as between transporting animals to buyers in the market from the farm.
5. Trucks with Refrigeration
There are goods that have to be refrigerated in order to extend their durability or keep them safe for consumption. Lorries that are refrigerated have a lot of uses but they are commonly used to transport drinks or food. Refrigerated trucks usually vary in size. You can find small refrigerated trucks and even large articulated lorries that have refrigerated containers strapped onto them. These HGVs are usually used to help keep goods fresh as they are transported across the UK.
Like the name suggests, these HGVs are simply a big tank on wheels. They are usually designed to move liquids from one point to another. The liquids being transported can be plain water or even hazardous and toxic chemicals used in different manufacturing processes. Professionals who drive these trucks have to have a specific and special HGV license that allows them to transport hazardous materials. However, if you see a tanker on the road, you should not panic unnecessarily as they can also be used to transport materials such as powders, grains and sugar if they are in fluid form.
7. Special Transport Vehicles
Any type of HGV that cannot be classified among one of the classes described above usually falls under the category of special transport vehicles. These types of vehicles usually come in a specific design that is ideal for carrying out a single purpose. They are mostly used by industries and since they are used infrequently, they are hard to spot. Below are a few examples of special transport vehicles.
• Snow ploughing vehicles
• Cement mixing vehicles
• Highway maintenance trucks
• Car transport vehicles
• Tow trucks